Because ambers began forming about 45 million years ago, the original geological conditions for the formation of ambers no longer exists, which is why all natural amber and its elements are such a rarity, and fine ambers even more scarce. Furthermore, ambers are considered non-regenerative resources, with each spent piece, it is one piece less in the world. Thus, the prices of amber rise annually, not only making them a precious stone with prolonged collection value, but one of longtime monetary value as well. Its rising value has made it a forty plus million year old treasure and deemed as the northern gold and sun, a historical gem. Ambers mainly consists of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, with a trace of sulphur. It is fossilized tree resin (not sap), which has been appreciated for its color and natural beauty since Neolithic times, commonly known as resin or carbon fossils.
S&A selects natural Baltic ambers that are between 40-60 million years old. Not only are ambers credited as the three major organic gemstones, along with pearls and coral, they are also one of the seven Buddhist treasures, the other 6 include: gold, silver, agate, coral, tridacna, and azure stone. As everyone knows, ambers come in many colors, from red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, purple to colors as transparent as water or black as opaque as night.
Fire Amber, the most commonly seen color in ambers, often presented in burgundy or an orange-ish yellow. Its color is subtle and shy, romantic yet passionate, bringing out the gentleness and elegance of women.
Blood amber, also known as medicinal amber, has a warming and attractive color. It is extremely good for people who have blood problems.
Honey wax, a precious stone that was originally exclusive to the imperial family during ancient times. The name is derived from its honey color and wax-like shiny nature, only collected by government officials in the past: “thousand year ambers, ten thousand years honey wax.
Floral amber, a type that looks as if a frost flower was blooming from the inside outwards, exuberating a delicate aura.
Old honey, refers to older dirt coverage, and a darker color, normally reddish orange.
Gold amber, completely transparent with a luminescent color and crystal-like features, ancestrally referred to as the “fortune rock”.
Bone amber, milky white in color and has a kind of primitive beauty. Bone amber has the one the highest acid contents.
Green amber, its green color gives off a mysterious vibe and dark embodiment makes people crave and yearn for the abyss.
Cloud amber, unlike other ambers, it has an area within that is opaque, like the clouds in the sky.
Scenic amber, nature is the scenic amber’s designer. The natural patterns inside the amber makes the amber appear like the lines of different ever-changing landscapes, admiration worthy.
Botanic amber, enclosed around a plant, normally leaves, flowers, or branches.
Insect amber, a rare type, highly collect or study worthy, because it is a one of kind window for looking at old living organisms.
Blue amber, the only organic gem in the world that gives of a fluorescent effect, considered the best quality amber. Found in the Dominican Republic and acclaimed to be the “Western Pearl”
Caribbean green amber, its distinct bluish-green color resembles the color of the Caribbean waters, and because the Caribbean green amber is hard to mine, high risk, and scarce, jewelers often tend to treasure it.
40 million years ago, Western Europe was covered in warmth and breeding giant forestlands. As the continental plates shifted, Europe’s land of greens turned into oceans, and the giant forest trees containing resin also sank into to water, eventually buried by sand. Hence, the preservation of the precious ambers today and why most ambers are found in the Baltic Sea.
BC since 2000, shrewd businessman Mediterranean Baltic region has come to buy amber, then back country, in the middle of the nobility in exchange for an equal weight of gold.
80% of amber in the world are produced in the Baltic Sea coast in Poland, Russia, Lithuania and other countries, in addition, Dominica, Fushun, China, Myanmar, also produced a small amount of amber. For the jewelery industry, Baltic amber is highest quality. Baltic amber are golden in color, texture, transparent crystal, called amber in the top grade, is the preferred raw amber jewelry. Poland has the world’s largest concentration of amber processing. The exploitation of amber, processing and market operators have a long history and traditional style, its amber jewelry crafts materials or most countries of the world renowned. Because of government restrictions on the use of gold and platinum in the jewelery industry, local manufacturers almost stop export silver and amber two materials.
Do not place the amber or prolonged exposure to high temperatures in the sun, too dry prone to crack, especially not see flames; amber is an organic gem, must be avoided with alkaline substances, gasoline, kerosene and alcohol, cosmetics. The organic solution nail polish, perfume and other contacts to prevent amber damaged surface, making it dull, do not use the chemical composition of detergent, away from the acid and alkali; amber hardness is not high, and therefore should be carefully stored, do not throw touch sharp or hard objects to avoid scratching the amber jewelry applications like jewelry box or sealed bag sealed individually packaged, do not put together with other jewelry. Avoid prolonged exposure to humid air, preventing oxidation and amber silver tarnish; After Amber wearing a damp cloth to gently wipe. For sticky gray amber should be cleaned with warm water, then dry with a soft cloth stains, and finally to a small amount of pure olive oil or BB mop amber, you can restore its luster. Generally does not apply to amber jewelry cleaning solution.
1 saline test method: 1:4 ( salt : water ) of salt water, natural amber can float.
2 Thermal test: The red-hot needle , prick obvious at amber , there is a faint smell of rosin or no taste. There is the smell of plastic and stick the needle. ( Note : Improper operation will leave a black dot in amber surface )
3 sliced test: Amber knife will cut into powder , resin will fall into pieces , plastic film will roll . ( Note : This test will bring amber injury, cut the place only to find professional repair )
4 feel : a neutral amber stones, summer wear will not hot, not too cold in winter wear . Are generally mild . There is the feeling of cold or chalcedony glass imitation .
5 Grossly scales : this is the main method of silver inlaid amber recognizable . Amber generally have pretty lotus leaf scales, viewed from different angles have different feelings, different diopter . Fake amber scales mostly injected different angles roughly the same shape , the lack of natural amber aura.
6 Professional Identification : Today artificial amber imitations are almost real, difficult to identify the naked eye , it is recommended to be issued by the National Center certificate of professional jewelry appraisal counter purchase